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Ginsenoside composition introduction.

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  • time: 2019-12-23
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The main components in ginseng are ginsenosides, ginseng polypeptides, ginseng polysaccharides, and ginsenols. The main active ingredient is ginsenosides. Ginsenoside is the essence of ginseng, and ginsenoside Rh2 is the better ingredient in ginsenoside. The ginsenoside monomer components are also divided into many, including Rh1, Rh2, Rh3, Rh4, Ro, Rb2, Rb1, Rd, Re, etc. The following are the main functions of each component of ginsenoside:


Rh2: It can inhibit the metastasis of cancer cells to other organs, enhance the body’s immunity, and quickly restore physical fitness. It has obvious anti-metastatic effect on cancer cells, and can be used with surgery to enhance wound healing and physical recovery after surgery. The absolute bioavailability was (16.1 ± 11.3)%. 

Rg: It has the functions of exciting the central nervous system, resisting fatigue, improving memory and learning ability, and promoting DNA and RNA synthesis. 

Rg1: It can quickly relieve fatigue, improve learning and memory, delay aging, have central nervous excitement, and inhibit platelet aggregation. 

Rg2: It has anti-shock effect, rapidly improves myocardial ischemia and hypoxia, and treats and prevents coronary heart disease. 

Rg3: It can act on the G2 phase of the cell reproductive cycle, inhibit the synthesis of pre-mitotic proteins and ATP of cancer cells, slow the proliferation and growth rate of cancer cells, and inhibit the invasion of cancer cells, resist tumor cell metastasis, and promote tumor cell apoptosis Inhibition of tumor cell growth. 

Rg5: Inhibit cancer cell invasion, anti-tumor cell metastasis, promote tumor cell apoptosis, inhibit tumor cell growth 

Rb1: American ginseng (American ginseng) has the highest content, has the potential to affect animal testes, and also affects mouse embryonic development. It has the function of enhancing the choline system, increasing the synthesis and release of acetylcholine and improving memory.

Rb2: DNA and RNA synthesis promotion effect, brain central regulation can inhibit the central nerve, reduce intracellular calcium, anti-oxidation, remove free radicals in the body and improve myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. 

Rc: Ginsenoside-Rc is a sterol molecule in ginseng. With the function of suppressing cancer cells. Can increase sperm motility. 

Rb3: can enhance myocardial function and protect the body’s own immune system. It can be used to treat myocardial contractile failure caused by various reasons. 

Rh: It has the effects of inhibiting the central nervous system, hypnosis, analgesic, soothing, antipyretic, and promoting serum protein synthesis.

Rh1: It can promote liver cell proliferation and DNA synthesis, and can be used to treat and prevent hepatitis and cirrhosis. 

Ro: It has anti-inflammatory, detoxifying, antithrombotic effects, inhibits acidic platelet coagulation, and has anti-hepatitis effects to activate macrophages.

Rh3: Effect of ginsenoside Rh3 on the proliferation and apoptosis of human colon cancer cell SW480.

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